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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  • African-Caribbean :
    A person from the Caribbean of African descent
  • Black:
    A term often used in Britain and North America to describe people of African and Caribbean (and sometimes Asian) origin
  • Caribbean:
    The islands off the east coast of North, Central and South America that were called the West Indies by Columbus
  • Homeward Passage :
    The third stage in the Transatlantic Slave Trade, with ships carrying items grown or made in the Caribbean or the Americas, such as sugar or tobacco, to Europe to sell (see also Return Passage)
  • Maroons :
    Enslaved Africans who had escaped into the wilderness to form their own separate communities, especially in the Caribbean. Maroon comes from the Spanish word cimarrĂ³n meaning wild or untamed
  • Middle Passage :
    The second stage in the Transatlantic Slave Trade, in which ships carried enslaved Africans from Africa to either the Caribbean islands or the Americas
  • New World :
    The term was first used by the Italian historian Peter Martyr in 1561 and became widely used by Europeans to describe the areas that includes North and South America and the Caribbean Islands. Europeans considered them to be new (or newly dicovered)lands, in contrast to the 'Old World' of Europe, Asia and Africa; thus overlooking the status of the indigenous people.
  • Pidgin:
    A simplified language resulting from colonialism and the need for a commonly understood form of communication. For example, the Caribbean islands where populations grew to include Europeans, Africans and Indians.
  • Plantocracy :
    The settlers who developed plantations in the Caribbean into successful businesses; the name combines their local rank and the status to which they aspired
  • Return Passage :
    The last (3rd) stage in the transatlantic slave trade, where ships returned to Europe carrying items grown or made in the Caribbean or the Americas, such as sugar or tobacco, to sell
  • Triangular trade :
    The name often given to the transatlantic slave trade; describes the three sides to the route the slave ships took from Europe to West Africa, then to the Caribbean and the Americas and finally back to Europe; the routes are known as the Outward Passage, the Middle Passage, and the Return or Homeward Passage
  • Voodoo:
    Beliefs and practices with a strong emphasis on magic and the spirit world, associated particularly with the island of Haiti, in the Caribbean, and thought to have been brought by enslaved people from Africa
  • West Indies :
    The islands of the Caribbean (so called as Columbus thought he had reached India)

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