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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  • Maafa :
    Derived from a Kiswahili word meaning 'disaster', or 'terrible occurrence'. It is used to refer to the enslavement, over hundreds of years, of African people by Europeans. Maafa also refers to the ensuing loss of indigenous African cultures, languages and religions
  • Malaria:
    Infectious disease caused by parasite and spread by mosquito. Symptoms include anemia, shortness of breath, fever, chills, nausea, flu-like illness, and in severe cases, coma and death
  • Manillas:
    Brass bracelet-shaped objects mainly made in Europe and used as money on the West Coast of Africa to trade for slaves
  • Manumission :
    Legal process (and related documents) by which enslaved Africans could buy their freedom or be freed by their owner
  • Maroons :
    Enslaved Africans who had escaped into the wilderness to form their own separate communities, especially in the Caribbean. Maroon comes from the Spanish word cimarrĂ³n meaning wild or untamed
  • Mason-Dixon line :
    Named after two surveyors, it was originally the boundary between the English North American colonies of Maryland and Pennsylvania; it came to mark the division between the Southern slave states and the Northern free states in the early 19th century
  • Merchant :
    A trader of goods, buying for one price and selling them on for an increased price
  • Methodists :
    Christian group, founded by John Wesley and his brother when they broke away from the Church of England and built the first Methodist chapel in Bristol in 1739
  • Middle Passage :
    The second stage in the Transatlantic Slave Trade, in which ships carried enslaved Africans from Africa to either the Caribbean islands or the Americas
  • Migrate :
    To move from one place and settle in another, especially in another country
  • Missionary :
    Person who is sent to convert others to the missionary's religious faith
  • Monopoly:
    Exclusive ownership or control of a trade in particular goods or services
  • Mulatto :
    Person of mixed race or dual descent. It often referred to the ofspring of a black female slave and a white man. Mulatto comes from the Spanish term for young mule; mulattos were often more privileged than slaves from Africa but still treated as second-class citizens; the term was commonly used in the 18th century but is now considered derogatory
  • Multicultural :
    Usally of a society, made up of a mixture of several cultural groups

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