It is important to remember that there was resistance throughout the Transatlantic Slave Trade system, not just resistance when Africans got to the Caribbean. There is a great deal of evidence of resistance when Africans were first kidnapped and of resistance on shore and on ships. In some cases ‘resistance' involved attacks from the shore, as well as ‘insurrections' aboard ships.
Some captive Africans refused to be enslaved and took their own lives by jumping from slave ships or refusing to eat or just ‘giving up' and dying in despair.
Captain Japhet Bird, described one incident in the Boston Weekly News Letter (April 1737) when 100 enslaved people jumped overboard, most were recovered, but three refused to save themselves choosing death rather than enslavement. Over 50 major mutinies occurred on slave ships in the Middle Passage between 1699 and 1865.
David Richardson's research into ship resistance shows: